Water Supply

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    -Joe Cashman has installed a pump that has a capacity of 500 gallons per minute and furnish enough water for a population of 5,000.  The pump is located at the central well in the pump house.

    The pump was sunk in a pit of 35 feet deep and cement-lined.  The pressure of the well makes in unneccesary to prime the pump, because the water rises high above the apperatus.  The water comes through a six inch pipe with a pressure of .43 pounds to the foot.

    The pump was bought from the American Pump Company, and they sent an expert to install it.  The expert was unable to install it.  Joe Cashman tried and was able to do it.  (Chandler Arizonan 1/31/1913)

    -From the Reclamation Board, Janurary issue.

    Work has continued on the Arizona Falls Power Plant, Battery A and D Wells, and preparatoins made for work on the Roosevelt-Mesa and Inspiration transmission lines.  Battery D well was finished and put into operation.  (Chandler Arizonan 1/31/1913)

    -The Department of Interior has made a decision to restore water rights to several thousand acres in the Salt River Valley.  The land will be divided into maximum tracts of 160 acres, and must be sold and settled by December 31st, 1913.  This will allow for real bargains on selling around $100 per acre.

    The reservoir gauge shows enough water to last three years without any rain.  (Chandler Arizonan 3/7/1913)

    -Chandler farmers south side of town are complaining over lack of water.  They will be promised a certain time of water, but will receive it for a third or half the time before being cut off completely.

    Excuses have been made about a broken ditch.  It is unknown if the problem is from Phoenix or Mesa.

    The Phoenix canal from Granite Reef is always full.  It never varies 2,000 inches in twelve hours.  The canal for Chandler varies, and can be cut down by 9,000 inches.

    Since the Roosevelt Dam holds enough water for three years so it shouldn't be the cause of the problem.

    The farmers paid for the water and should be able to get it.  (Chandler Arizonan 5/16/1913)

    -The water shortage issue on the south side of Chandler was brought up by Reclamation Engineer, H.S. Reed, at the board of governors for the Water Users' Association.  He says the the shortage is due to the smallness of the canals.

    He went on to ask for resolutions to be passed by the governors that give money for enlarging the canal system using reclamation funds at once.

    The south branch of the Consolidated is slopping over it's banks near the head, but the water is lost before it gets down to the lower laterals.  In the nine miles between the pumping station and Central Avenue there is a loss of thirty percent of the water of the Western Canal.  This is by actual measurement.  Eight hundred inches out of the head are lost by seepage and evaporation.

    The Consolidated is built for carrying a head of 14,000 miners' inches, but it is now carrying a load of 15,300 inches.  That is still not enough.  Money has been asked for to meet this situation, but for a year and a half it has not been forthcoming, says H.S. Reed.

    The meeting was held on June 2, 1913.  (Chandler Arizonan 6/6/1913)

    The ranchers south of town are getting water again after several weeks with not enough water.  They are satisified now with the amount, but may be too late to save all the crops.

    The well near the Kreidt home is working again after discovering a piece of wood had clogged the pump.  The well gushed water all day Wednesday.  The ditch has been built, and the pump is working.

    The Canal Superintendent Eastman noted the piece of wood, and Superintendent Sprague was there to make sure the ditches were giving their quota of water.

    Nothing was being done about the complaints until the Phoenix Democrat printed a story says the Reclamation Service  was incompetent.  (Chandler Arizonan 6/6/1913)

    -Reprinted from the Mesa Correspondence in Republican.

    The Chandler Improvement Company has placed the contract for replacing their four big Byron-Jackson pumping plants with the Beyerle Machine Shops in Mesa.  Mr. Berg, chief engineer, decided against sending the pumpsto be rebuilt to the coast after seeing the shop.

    When the pumps were built originally ten years ago, no valve was built to turn off the water to the wells.  The water has risen eight feet, and covers the pumps.  Mr. Berg had to go underwater to disconnect the pumps.  Now they will need to make special gate valves and make arrangements to shut off the flow.  This will have to be done underwater.  The drafting patterns and machine work will be done at the Mesa shop.  (Chandler Arizonan 6/13/1913)

    -The new pumps will cost about one hundred dollars each, and will last another ten years, says Mr. Berg.  When they are ready,  he will have to dive the eight feet again to reinstall.  The pits are narrow and built of stone and cement.  It will be difficult to navigate and work with high water pressure.  (Chandler Arizonan 6/20/1913)

    -Battery C, the last of six pumps and wells being installed by the government in Chandler will be ready for use in ten days.  So far Batteries A,B, D, E, F are finished and in operation.

    The sixth battery is located on the southeast corner of section 32, and will handle 400-inch head of water.  The battery has a 75 horsepower motor with the current being supplied by the Roosevelt Dam.  Efforts are being made to generate power from the waterfalls near Tempe.  (Chandler Arizonan 6/20/1913)

    -The new water system costing $50,000 will be in operation within forty days, and work on the system will start by June 30th.  The contractors have promised to be on the ground by Saturday.

    A telegram was sent by the Lacy Manufacturing Company saying that car eight and six inch pipe was sent today, June 20, 1913, and balance will be shipped at two cars per week.

    C.J. Berg has promised that the work will be done rapidly as possible.

    C. Fisher and Company of Phoenix has secured the contract of digging the two feet trenches.  Over 35,000 feet of pipe will be laid over the subdivided portion of town including for sale and sold lots.  The mains will traverse alleys wherever possible.

    61 fire hydrants will also be installed, some of them will have two nozzles when they are in the business district.  They will be placed on the street line at the alley way.  A fire fighting apperatus will be secured at once.

    Mr. Berg says it will take less than a month to install the mains.  The consumer will have to pay for the mains to reach their homes, and it will be cheaper now while the excavation is happening.

    The tank that is used now will continue to be used, but later a larger tank will be supplied.  The current tank has a capacity of 500 gallons a minute or 300,000 in ten hours.  The current use is about 40,000 gallons in 24 hours.  (Chandler Arizonan 6/27/1913)

    -Mr. Sprague of the water office in Mesa was in Chandler to investigate the charges against the U.S. Reclamation Service.  He believes they try to do their best to get water supplied, but will investigate thoroughly.  (Chandler Arizonan 6/27/1913)

    -Work has begun on the digging the ditches three days earlier than expected.  C. Fisher, contractor, began work on Friday of last week.

    The ditching machine weighs 15 tons, and is able to dig 1,500 to 2,000 lineal feet in a day per the type of soil.  It can excavate up to 8.5 feet.  It is a cause of much curiousity.

    Work was started by the railroad tracks, in the alley 1.5 blocks from Commonwealth Avenue.  It will travel parallel going west until it reaches the fence that divides the townsite from Chandler ranch. 

    The machine runs on steam.  It works by the use of revolving buckets made of iron which have sharp blades of spikes to turn the soil.  The loose soil falls into the buckets.  A.C. Gleseck is the engineer.

    Mr. Fisher says he should be able to get the work done in twenty days, but has thirty days to do the work.  A day was lost on Monday when a piece of lead got in the machine, and broke a part of it.  This necessitated a trip to Phoenix to get a replacement part.  Since Monday, the machine has been working its way up one alley down the next.  It is making ditches two feet wide, and about three feet deep.  

    The work of laying the pipe will begin shortly.  The parts are being put together for installing.  Engineer Berg says it should take inside of sixty days.  (Chandler Arizonan 7/4/1913)

    -A government camp has been located one mile south of Chandler to do the concrete work on Batteries A and C.  The gang is also working on the repairing of the ditches in that vicinity.  The concrete work should take a few weeks, and put the batteries in full running order.  (Chandler Arizonan 7/11/1913

    -Last Friday, a fire broke out on the ranch of W.J. Clemens in the pump house.  Transformer switches had failed to trip and caught fire.  The fire caused a hole in the sheet iron roof.  Mr. McEllwin's eyes were badly burned.  He works for the government.  (Chandler Arizonan 7/11/1913)

    -Two more carloads of pipe have arrived this week.  Engineer Berg is going to start the work at once.  The delay was due to the larger mains having not arrived.  (Chandler Arizonan 7/11/1913)

    -Engineer Berg says that the laying of pipe for the water mains will start Friday or Saturday of this week.  The balance of the twelve-inch mains have arrived which caused the delay.

    The pipe will be started near the feed stables of Mr. Freeman, because the two cut off valves will be there.  The pipe will be laid to the north, and the business section will be laid first.  It should take about a week to cover this section.

    Engineer Berg says it will take about four weeks to cover the townsite, and anyone considering putting in water to do so at once to save considerable cost.  (Chandler Arizonan 7/18/1913)

    -Battery C, south of Chandler, began operations on Saturday at 450 miners' inches of water.  The flow is exceptionally large, and a surprise to officials.  (Chandler Arizonan 7/18/1913)

    -Two carloads of pipe arrived on Tuesday, and work was begun on Wednesday in hauling the twelve inch main to the ditches ready for fitters.  H.B. Ward, an expert pipe layer of the Lacy Manufacturing Company of Los Angeles, California, arrived this week to superintend the job.  The pipe will be laid as quick as possible.

    Owing to a leak in the flues of the ditching machine's boiler, Contractor Fisher had to suspend work for several days until a new boiler could be gotten from Phoenix.  The leakage was so bad that it made the boiler useless.  The machine is working again.  (Chandler Arizonan 7/25/1913)

    -A large tract of land east of Chandler is getting prepared for a new pumping station.  When finished 12,000 acres will be ready for irrigation.

    The land itself is part of the Higley country, and will be known as the Eastern Extension Irrigation district.  The promoters are Harry L. Chandler of Mesa, and J.W. Walker of Phoenix.  The land lies three to five miles east and south of Chandler, and takes in parts of townships of five and six.

    The sections included in the undertaking are five, seven, eight, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty, twenty-nine, thirty, thirty-one, and thirty-two, and part of six.  They are all in townsite six, two south, and six east.  In addition, sections twelve, thirteen, twenty-three, twenty-four, twenty-five, twenty-six, twenty-seven, twenty-two, and thirty-five, and part of sections thirty-two, one, and all in township five will be taken in.

    The plan for now is to pump water for every 1,000 to 1,500 acres, and it is said enough land has been secured to make it a success.  The power used may be electricity, which will be secured from the transmission lines of the Roosevelt Dam.

    Among the settlers involved are H.C. Meyer, and the Tyler boys, Guy and Wat, and one ore two others living east of town.  (Chandler Arizonan 8/22/1913)


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